Translation is a creative act, the study of which has now moved beyond the borders of textual studies, linguistics, comparative literature, history, philosophy, gender studies and culture studies. It forays organically into other branches of knowledge including social sciences, biological sciences, cognitive science, computer science and areas of artificial intelligence. The term “translation studies” was coined by the Amsterdam-based American scholar James S. Holmes in 1972. The field has differing perspectives like equivalence and Skopos theory,and ‘the cultural turn’ was one of the most important concepts that linked it to other disciplines like Gender Studies, Cultural Studies, Post-colonialism, etc. Today, the discipline continues to grow in scope and extends into adaptation studies, intralingual and intersemiotic translations, and to be the system of all interpretation and thus of all understanding.
- Translation Studies
- Indian Fiction in English Translation